".... another world has to be erected. A world without hatred and envy, without exploitation and enslavement, a world of peace, of freedom and justice."
Lothar Popp unter Mitarbeit von Karl Artelt: "Ursprung und Entwicklung der November-Revolution 1918.", Sonderveröffentlichung 15 der Gesellschaft für Kieler Stadtgeschichte, Kiel, 1983

Sailors' Revolt / Kiel Mutiny November 1918 (Novemberrevolution 1918) - here you'll find the following information:

  • Interview with one of the leaders of the mutiny: Lothar Popp >>
  • CV Lothar Popp >>
  • Recollection of the other leader of the mutiny: Karl Artelt >>
  • CV Karl Artelt >>
  • Additional contemporary witnesses (Riedl, Bredenbek, Preßler, Pump; diary of an engineer, Jung, Völcker, ...) >>
  • Videofilm with contemporary witnesses: "Kiel schreibt Geschichte - Matrosenaufstand im November 1918" >>
  • Evaluations of the incidents in Kiel (Dähnhardt, Wette, ...) >>
  • Detailed timeline with documents >>
  • Virtual sightseeing tour >>
  • A presentation in pdf-format established 2014 can be downloaded or viewed here (German): (slides) >> (text) >>
  • Commentary >>


External Information

Short summarising presentations

Such presentations, fulfilling scientific requirements, can be found e.g. at Wikipedia, at kiel.de ( >> Christa Geckeler, only in German) or in "Kiel Lexikon (German)" edited by D. Tillmann and J. Rosenplänter, Wachholtz Verlag, 2011.

Scientific Literature

The most relevant work is still the painstaking doctoral thesis of Dirk Dähnhardt: Revolution in Kiel - Der Übergang vom Kaiserreich zur Weimarer Republik 1918/19. Karl Wachholtz Verlag, Neumünster, 1978, ISBN 3-529-02636-0, (Mitteilungen der Gesellschaft für Kieler Stadtgeschichte 64)
The background material collected by Dähnhardt for his thesis contained some recensions of his book. The main excerpts are available here (German): >>
Further relevant literature:
- Wolfram Wette: Gustav Noske und die Revolution in Kiel 1918. Boyens Buchverlag, Heide 2010, ISBN 978-3-8042-1322-7; erschienen als Sonderveröffentlichung der Gesellschaft für Kieler Stadtgeschichte, herausgegeben von Jürgen Jensen, Band 64
- Rolf Fischer (Hrsg.): Revolution und Revolutionsforschung – Beiträge aus dem Kieler Initiativkreis 1918/19. Reihe: Sonderveröffentlichungen der Gesellschaft für Kieler Stadtgeschichte (Band 67), Ludwig Verlag, Kiel 2011, ISBN 978-3-86935-059-2.

Further Information

The mutiny of the Kieler sailors ignited the German revolution of 1918. The major outcome was the first democracy in Germany, the Weimarer Republic, headed by Reichspräsident Friedrich Ebert. Thus Kiel played an important role in German history.

Teachers who are interested to use material from this site for their lessons, may be interested in a literature list regarding related methoddology (university of Muenster, German): >>
The virtual museum of the Schleswig-Holsteinisch-Danish border region (www.vimu.info) offers specific didactics regarding the topic revolution in Germany as pdf-file (German or Danish): >>

The mentioned virtual museum (VIMU) also offers a lot of different material regarding the sailors' mutiny in Kiel (German or Danish): >>

A project of a work group of the Ricarda-Huch school from 1998 had been published on the website of the newspaper sh:z. Meanwhile it's no longer accessible; a copy can be found here (German only): >>.

In January 2005 Matthias Klaus published a school project report about the mutiny in Kiel. Very interesting his vivid narration of the conditionns which led to revolution (German): >>

Regarding the spreading of the mutiny over all Germany see e.g. Wikipedia >>.

Regarding the effects of the November Revolution the historian Prof. Dr. Peter Brandt held 2008 a very interesting lecture in Kiel >>

Publish your contributions or opinions in our web log.
What do you think, should Lothar Popp and Karl Artelt get a memorial in Kiel?
Or how do you view the suggestion of Wilhelm Achelpöhler (Die Grünen, Münster) to establish a "History location sailor's mutiny" in Kiel? Our web-log: Kuhl-Blog >>

Update 9 Sep. 2014

  • Interview with one of the leaders: Lothar Popp >>
  • CV L. Popp >>
  • Recollections of the other leader: Karl Artelt >>
  • CV K. Artelt >>
  • Additional temporary witnesses >>
  • Films about the revolt >>
  • Evaluations >>
  • Timeline >>
  • Virtual sightseeing tour >>
  • Commentary >>